Abstracts Open: September 9, 2019
Abstracts Close: December 16, 2019
Anticipated Decision Date: March 16, 2020
Abstracts are invited on a wide range of topics related to seabirds ecology, biology and conservation. Authors may select to submit to an approved symposium, contributed paper or poster presentation format when submitting their abstract through the online form.
Abstract Submission Guidelines
1. All submissions must be made in English.
2. Choose the type of presentation you will be submitting to (symposia, workshop, contributed oral or poster). Please note if you are not successful for a symposia, workshop or contributed oral, submissions will be considered for posters.
3. If you are submitting to a specific symposium or workshop (please see lists below), you MUST choose the symposia or workshop you would like to be considered for. If your submission is not accepted as part of the symposia or workshop, it will be considered for the contributed papers.
4. Include all authors (primary and secondary) exactly as you wish them to appear on published material and in the correct order. Please enter names with a capital first letter of the first and last name. Do not enter names all capitalized.
5. Include a keyword from the list of keywords that best represents your submission.
6. Prepare an abstract title (max 255 character limit, approximately 30 words). Please use sentence case for the title (capitalize the first letter of the title and lower case for all other letters unless required and do not include a period (.) at the end of the title
7. Prepare the abstract (max 2000 character limit, approximately 300 words).
8. Submit via the online abstract management system. Please note, when submitting the abstract cut and paste the text from a text editor to ensure it does not include any underlying formatting that may cause errors.
9. Ensure the submission has been approved by all authors.
Authors are welcome to submit more than one abstract however depending on the number of submissions, restrictions on oral presentations may be made.
Abstract Submission Instructions
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The confirmed symposia are listed below in alphabetical order by title. More information regarding the leaders of the symposium and a short synopsis can be found by clicking the yellow +.
Adaptation and intervention as a climate response
Alistair Hobday, CSIRO Oceans and Atmosphere; Rachael Alderman, DPIPWE
The impacts of climate variability, and now climate change, on seabird distribution, abundance and performance are widely documented. Many changes are also in remote locations, however, long term negative trends mean that business-as-usual conservation approaches are no longer sufficient. Managers and scientists should not be planning to simply continue to document long-term declines, and many are considering interventions to aid adaptation. These efforts can be interventions that directly reduce climate change impacts through reduction of direct exposure (e.g. artificial watering) or sensitivity (e.g. supplemental feeding) to the climate driver, or increase adaptive capacity (e.g. removal of invasive competitors). Climate adaptation efforts for a range of seabird species are now starting to be considered, trialled and integrated with management initiatives. In some cases, interventions have been developed for non-climate threats, and these experiences mean transfer for climate-motivated interventions is likely to be more successful. While a strong knowledge base to support intervention decisions is desirable, due to the rate of climate change some interventions will need to be trialled with imperfect knowledge, and learning will emerge through the deployment of the adaptation strategy. We seek contributions that discuss decision frameworks for adaptation and intervention, present action-oriented case studies, and provide examples of biological and ethical conflicts. This session will stimulate debate about the role of intervention in securing healthy seabird populations as climate rapidly changes the environment.
Applications of genomics to seabird conservation
Gemma Clucas, Cornell University; Vicki Friesen, Queen's University
Conservation genetics has entered the world of genomics – broadly defined as high throughput sequencing of nucleic acids. These new technologies provide researchers with unprecedented levels of data to address many previously intractable problems in ecology, evolution and conservation. We propose to organize a symposium on applications of genomics to seabird conservation. We propose to give an opening overview of potential applications of genomic tools in conservation, then draw together examples of applications, including (but not limited to) defining population units for conservation, detecting hybridization and its effects, estimating population size, determining potential for species to adapt to anthropogenic environmental change, and improving understanding of ecological traits such as diet.
Conservation physiology in seabirds: Understanding mechanisms, causes and consequences in a changing world
Ruth Dunn, University of Liverpool; Jonathan Green, University of Liverpool; Brendon Dunphy, The University of Auckland; Kyle Elliot, McGill University; Sasah Kitaysky, Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska
Recent assessments of species and ecosystem responses to environmental change have highlighted an urgent need to better understand the mechanistic links between the patterns of change, individual responses, and population processes. Without this link our ability to assess the vulnerability of seabird populations to environmental stressors, such as contaminants, disease, overfishing and re-organization of trophic food webs, and to establish effective management programs is severely limited. Conservation physiology is a rapidly growing field, and there is considerable scope to apply its recent developments to seabird conservation issues. The 21st century has seen the development of new metabolic, endocrine and molecular approaches that allow detailed quantification of physiological traits in free-living birds, bringing the study of physiology out of the laboratory and into the wild. For example, recent work measuring fine-scale energetics has illustrated how many applied problems in conservation boil down to issues of energy intake or energy output. Endocrine and molecular markers of exposure to stressful events during different stages of the annual cycle provide insight into physiological carry-over effects on patterns of survival and reproduction. Developments in the field of historical ecophysiology allow us to examine individual seabird responses to climate change on a millennial scale. Such approaches have the potential to identify when, where, and why seabird populations are vulnerable before catastrophe strikes, thus vastly improving our conservation efforts. This symposium will focus on the potential of physiology to provide mechanistic answers to applied conservation questions from marine reserve design, to pollution monitoring, to seabirds as indicators of climate change responses. Speakers will be chosen to cover a range of techniques from the world of physiology, including oxidative damage, energetics, endocrinology, pollution and thermoregulation, and to cover a range of potential conservation issues.
Effects of wind and weather on seabird navigation, foraging and energetics
Thomas Clay, University of Liverpool; Richard Phillips, British Antarctic Survey; Lesley Thorne, Stony Brook University
Justification and description:
Weather, and particularly wind, shapes the movement, energetics, foraging behaviour, migration strategies and life history of seabirds. Wind affects both individual decisions and population processes through direct effects on flight costs (energetics) across a range of spatiotemporal scales. Climate change is already having widespread effects on global wind patterns, and its impact is predicted to increase; however, but the consequences for wildlife are not well understood. Understanding the mechanistic links between wind and other weather patterns, and seabird movement, energetics and life-history characteristics is critical to predicting how seabird populations will respond to future environmental changes.
This symposium welcomes studies that bring together recent developments in biologging, atmospheric modelling, and statistical or theoretical ecology, to better understand the effects of wind and other aspects of the weather (e.g. temperature, barometric pressure) on seabird foraging. Many studies in recent years have provided new insight into the impacts of wind on seabirds, and this symposium will serve as a forum to facilitate information transfer and collaboration between seabird researchers around the world.
Fine scale seabird foraging behavior in relation to fisheries
Henri Weimerskirch, Centre d'Etudes Biologiques de Chizé; Scott A Shaffer, San Jose State University
Fisheries are operating worldwide and are attracting many seabird species that feed on offal and baits. But fisheries can induce high mortality rates to attending seabirds because of by-catch, collision or entanglement with gears. For these reasons there is an increasing interest in the study of seabird-fisheries interactions. However there is still much to understand about the factors affecting the fine scale foraging behavior in relation to the presence of boats, especially fishing vessels, and this becomes possible with the miniaturization and development of new loggers. Through a series of empirical studies we will examine the fine scale foraging behavior of seabirds in relation to the presence of vessels obtained by conventional positioning systems such as AIS, VMS and with new bio-logging systems allowing the detection of vessels. The critical questions addressed concern the detection distances, distinction between co occurrence and attendance, the differences between seabird families in the attraction and attendance patterns, the influence of local oceanic conditions on attendance patterns and how attraction to fishing vessels build up over the lifespan of seabirds.
Sensory ecology: Foraging, reproduction and conservation
Gabrielle Nevitt, University of California, Davis; Greg Cunningham, St. John Fisher College
Seabirds use different sensory information for foraging and reproduction. Elucidating sensory mechanisms has proven to be beneficial in the conservation of a variety of organisms, including other avian taxa, yet this broad field of research remains understudied and underappreciated among seabird biologists.
We propose a symposium highlighting various aspects of the sensory ecology of seabirds with an aim towards educating the seabird community about recent discoveries that might have management or conservation implications as well, particularly in foraging contexts or in restoration.
Heatwave impacts on marine birds
John Piatt, USGS Alaska Science Center; Brad Congdon, James Cook University; Peter Dann, Philip Island Nature Parks; William Sydeman, Farallon Institute
Extreme temperature anomalies are increasing in frequency in all oceans and adjacent coastal regions of the world. The impact of extreme (in magnitude and/or duration) heating events on seabirds has been manifested widely in a variety of biological and behavioural phenomena, including mass mortality events, reproductive failures, reduced survival, shifts in phenology of breeding or migration, and shifts in distribution at sea. However, the actual mechanisms by which heating events affect seabirds are not as well described. In this symposium, we invite presentations that propose or demonstrate specific mechanisms of extreme heat impact. For example, physiological response of seabirds to anomalous heating during nesting, including secondary effects of rainfall, drought, or disease on nesting success; heat-induced changes in oceanography, productivity, forage nekton abundance and distribution, or forage composition and quality; increased competitive competition with large predatory fish and marine mammals; and any other mechanisms which ultimately lead to the more visible responses of seabirds to extreme heating.
Individual heterogeneity in seabirds’ life histories ecology and evolution
Stephanie Jenouvrier, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution; Samantha Patrick, University of Liverpool
Each individual in a population is unique and will respond differently to environmental variations. Individual variation is key for both evolutionary and ecological responses to global change. However, studies on the importance of individual differences in behaviour and fitness components often falls in different research areas and is therefore not be drawn together in a cohesive way. This symposium will bring together foraging ecologists, evolutionary biologists and demographers to understand the consequences of individual variations in natural populations, either from an evolutionary or ecological perspective. The WSC offers a unique opportunity to bring together the statistical experts that have led recent developments on analyzing individual heterogeneity in ecology, empiricists that run some of the world’s longest individual- seabirds based field studies, and renowned theoreticians working on life-history theory ecology and evolution.
Maintaining ecosystem services by seabirds – Role of local and indigenous communities and cultures
Mia Ronka, University of Turku; Martina Kadin, Swedish Museum of Natural History
The multidisciplinary symposium focuses on the ecosystem services provided by mainly Arctic seabirds, i.e. the benefits humans obtain from ecosystems involving seabirds. In the Arctic, the ecosystem services provided by seabirds may be of high value while potentially strongly affected by climate change and other human impacts. As culture changes, also new ecosystem services arise, including for instance nature tourism, or cultural ecosystem services formerly used may revive, e.g. in the form of a new interest in nature-based wisdom. Multidisciplinary approaches are needed to assess the importance of seabird ecosystem services and to address the ecological, socio-economic and cultural drivers affecting their management and conservation. The symposium consists of five presentations, starting with an introduction to ecosystem services provided by seabirds and related trade-offs and synergies, then deepening insights into cultural ecosystem services, and the role of traditional ecological knowledge, and local communities and cultures in ecosystem service assessment and management, as well as in ecosystem service related conflicts. In addition to regular oral presentations, the symposium includes short poster presentations. Presentations are followed by a comprehensive discussion, where the audience is invited to take part. In the discussion, we summarize current knowledge on seabird ecosystem services and its applicability to the Arctic, and discuss the generality of the conclusions of the symposium presentations for systems other than the Arctic. We also identify research needs, novel multidisciplinary aspects to ecosystem service assessment and management, and current and upcoming issues relevant to the management and conservation of ecosystem services and seabirds. In addition to this discussion and brainstorming the symposium will provide a forum for multidisciplinary networking on this theme.
Marine renewables and seabirds: How can behavioural and ecological insights inform sustainable planning and development
Jared Wilson, Marine Scotland Science, Scottish Government; David M Pereksta, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management; Liz Humphreys, The British Trust for Ornithology
Marine renewable energy (wind, wave, and tidal) provide low-carbon energy contributing to national and international targets for increasing renewable energy production. These technologies have the potential to significantly affect a wide range of seabird species affecting demography directly via collision mortality and indirectly through displacement and barrier effects. To realise both conservation and renewable energy objectives it is essential that planning of renewable energy developments is informed by collective scientific knowledge of seabird ecology particularly: demography, distribution, movement and behaviour. This symposium will highlight how the latest behavioural and ecological research provides greater understanding of the impact of marine renewables to seabirds at both the individual and population level.
Outcomes and progress of active seabird restoration projects
Eric VanderWerf, Pacific Rim Conservation; Lindsay Young, Pacific Rim Conservation
Translocation and social attraction are being used increasingly worldwide as tools to restore seabird populations and ecosystem functions. Particularly with the recent development of large scale predator eradication and exclusion techniques, pest-free islands and fenced sanctuaries are available as seabird breeding sites. However, due to the natal philopatry many seabirds exhibit, natural colonization of these newly restored sites by seabirds may occur slowly or not at all. To increase the colonization rate, managers have developed a variety of social attraction and translocation techniques. This symposium will present a series of case studies using social attraction and/or translocation to restore a variety of seabird taxa in different geographic regions, and the methods used to monitor outcomes of these efforts.
Prey-mediated effects of environmental change on seabirds
Agnes Olin, Universities of Glasgow and Strathclyde; Alexis Will, National Institute of Polar Research; Kat Keogan, University of Edinburgh
Changes in ocean conditions alter food-web dynamics, with impacts on lower trophic levels travelling up the food chain to affect top predators. Recent advancements in data collection methods and increased coordination between seabird biologists and oceanographers have improved our understanding of prey-mediated effects of environmental change on seabirds. It is time to pool our understanding of the mechanisms and patterns of environmentally driven changes in prey quantity, quality and phenology and how seabirds respond to these changes across food webs in disparate ocean basins. This proposed symposium will provide an opportunity to examine climate-associated food-web shifts from both the perspective of the prey, looking in detail at how prey responds to environmental change, and from the perspective of the seabirds themselves, using long-term data on foraging behaviour, diet, and chick-provisioning strategies to infer shifts at lower trophic levels. By bringing together the global community of researchers working on climate-driven changes in prey-seabird interactions, this symposium aims to identify global patterns in marine food web dynamics, to understand how and when changes in prey filter up to the level of seabirds, and to provide a starting point for discussing how to move towards a predictive framework for modelling seabird responses to climate change.
Seabird bycatch in commercial fisheries: Progress and challenges
Rory Crawford, BirdLife International Marine Programme; Stephanie Prince, BirdLife International Marine Programme; Pamela Michael, South Carolina Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit; Amanda Gladics, Oregon Sea Grant; Tom Good, NOAA
Seabird bycatch in fisheries remains the greatest threat to seabirds alongside Invasive Non-Native Species. Solutions are now well-established for trawl and longline fisheries and have been adopted in a number of fisheries to great effect, but broadscale implementation remains a barrier to improving the conservation status of threatened seabirds, perhaps most notably albatrosses. Given the vast at-sea ranges of many seabirds affected by fisheries, these implementation gaps – both in national waters and on the High Seas – need to be addressed as a matter of urgency. As well as shining a light on the success stories (and what has made them successful), this symposium will focus on the outstanding challenges that need to be addressed: from the fundamental basics (how to estimate bycatch levels from often low sampling effort and zero-inflated data) to the balance of ‘carrots’ and ‘sticks’ in achieving broader uptake, to tackling bycatch in other gear types, particularly gillnets and purse seines.
Sea-ice and seabirds: An amphipolar perspective of the impacts on foraging and demography
Christophe Barbraud, CEBC-CNRS; Yan Ropert-Coudert, CEBC-CNRS
Sea-ice provides a unique ecosystem for seabirds as a breeding platform and as a major foraging habitat. As the extent and volume of global sea ice continues to decline, the importance of pagophilia will be an important component of the resilience of polar wildlife to change. The proposed symposium will make an overview of the effects of sea ice characteristics, variability and trends on the foraging ecology, demography and population dynamics of seabirds, at scales ranging from days to decades. A number of important long-term datasets (up to 50 years) will be presented, and data from long-term studies of behaviour and demography will be combined to assess mechanisms linking ice with population-level processes. The session will be organized to represent increasing spatio-temporal scales of study: from primary productivity and ice dynamics, to the behaviour and demography of seabirds. The session will gather experts from both poles into a common framework for examination of ice-obligate species.
The ecology of host-parasite interactions in seabirds: Combining approaches to understand eco-epidemiological dynamics and inform conservation decisions
Thierry Boulinier, Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle and Evolutive (CEFE) - Université Montpellier; Sarah Burthe, Centre for Ecology and Hydrology; Amandine Gamble, University of California, Los Angeles
Seabirds are well known to be hosts of a diverse set of parasites and pathogens. Most seabird species are also widely distributed, migratory, long-lived, colonial and site faithful. Such characteristics mean seabirds are particularly relevant model systems for investigating host-parasite interactions, particularly the ecology and evolution of these interactions. In addition, infectious diseases have recently been identified as a major threat for several seabird groups such as procellariiformes and penguins. Seabird host-parasite interactions are thus an important field of bot basic science and conservation. However, understanding how parasites circulate among their hosts, and how they impact them rises numerous challenges. For instance, the unpredictability, suddenness and high mortality rates of some disease outbreaks, such as avian cholera, make it difficult to collect data from infected animals. On the contrary, more subtle chronic processes, such as the impact gut macro-parasites on energetic expenditure, can be difficult to detect. This symposium will highlight how combining approaches and methods can help undertaking these challenges while accounting for the ecological and evolutionary processes interacting with epidemiological dynamics. We will address the different steps of the scientific process from study design to result interpretation.
The importance of river plumes to seabirds and seabird prey
Jeannette Zamon, NOAA Fisheries; Elizabeth M. Phillips, NOAA Fisheries
The topic of river plumes being of potentially global importance as habitats that feed, attract, and support seabird abundance or diversity was presented at the 2nd World Seabird Conference. We propose a symposium to bring together seabird biologists and plume experts to explore this topic further at WSC3. Fifty of the world’s largest river plumes are spread out among 25 countries and occur in every major coastal habitat; therefore we expect broad interest in the influence of these physical ocean features. A better understanding of seabird-river plume associations has conservation implications given these habitats are potentially important yet sensitive foci for seabird foraging and migratory stops. To our knowledge, this would be the first time that a session focused on river plume-seabird interactions has been convened, and we envision presentations that address WSC3 theme ideas including importance of physical ocean structures, climate change responses and adaptations, seabird-fishery interactions, marine spatial ecology and planning, and marine protected areas.
The threat of marine debris to seabirds: Detangling the demonstrated from the perceived
Denise Hardesty, CSIRO; Lauren Roman, CSIRO/University of Tasmania
Marine debris is a recent and growing threat in the ocean environments. Seabirds are extensively known to interact with marine debris, and are affected by both entanglement and ingestion. There is widespread evidence of seabird and marine debris interactions across many species and in all geographic zones. Despite evidence of ubiquitous interactions, the magnitude of threat to each individuals and populations is difficult to monitor, and consequences are widely debated. Potential consequences range from sub-lethal toxicological effects (i.e. sub-lethal toxicity, hormone and potential reproductive effects associated with plastic ingestion), to debilitation observed with entanglement, to direct mortality associated with both ingestion and entanglement. Despite the prevalence of interactions (50% of all seabirds known to interact with marine debris, predicted to increase to 99% by 2050), only 18 seabirds have “Garbage and Solid Waste” listed as a threat on the IUCN red list (One Charadriiforme, One Sphenisciforme, three Suliformes and 13 Procellariiformes). There is currently mixed evidence for sub-lethal effects associated with debris ingestion (toxicity etc) and mixed concern regarding the scale of direct mortality associated with each entanglement and ingestion.
This symposium would aim to
1) Establish a criteria for assessing demonstrated threat agreeable to the experts in the field,
2) Apply this criteria across all seabird species where sufficient data is known to assess he avenues of marine debris threat, and
3) Create a list of priority questions to fill critical knowledge gaps.
Ultimately, the aim would be to update the marine debris threat status on the IUCN red list for all seabird species where data is sufficient.
Unravelling fundamental processes in seabird ecology: The role of multi-colony studies
Sue Lewis, Centre for Ecology & Hydrology; Francis Daunt, Centre for Ecology & Hydrology; Richard Phillips, British Antarctic Survey; Sarah Wanless, Centre for Ecology & Hydrology; Ally Phillimore, University of Edinburgh
Research on seabird ecology has demonstrated remarkable variation among species and populations due to differences in intrinsic processes and environmental conditions. As a result, it has been challenging to unravel key ecological processes that underpin the relationship between seabirds and their environment, which has hampered our ability to make accurate forecasts of future population change. A powerful way of identifying key ecological processes is to undertake studies at multiple colonies or populations. Over the last decade, there has been a marked increase in this approach in a range of fields including population and foraging dynamics, including the first formal meta-analyses, providing robust insights into fundamental relationships. This symposium will showcase the latest research in this fast moving and critically important field.
The confirmed workshops are listed below in alphabetical order by title. More information regarding the leaders of the workshop and a short synopsis can be found by clicking the yellow +.
Automated monitoring of seabirds at remote sites
Graeme Taylor, New Zealand Department of Conservation; Graham Parker, Parker Conservation
The purpose of this workshop is to gather people who have had practical experience with deploying recording instruments to monitor bird activity in remote sites. The aim is to understand more about the successes and failures with different types of technology. What works and what didn’t. What information was gathered that would not be possible to obtain by other means where it is not possible to set up field bases.
Developing tools and resources for community-based seabird conservation
Peter Hodum, University of Puget Sound and Oikonos Ecosystem Knowledge; Matthieu Le Corre, Université de La Réunion; Patrick Pinet, Parc National de La Réunion, LIFE& PETRELS
Community-based education and outreach programs are an essential component of long-term conservation strategies in places where humans co-exist with wildlife. With increasing threats of climate change, invasive species and other anthropogenic impacts, there is a compelling need for local communities not only to support but also to engage in efforts to conserve many seabird populations. Building on the successful symposium and discussion on community-based seabird conservation held at WSC2 in 2015, the goals of this applied workshop are to: (1) develop a network of seabird conservation practitioners to share experiences, methodologies, tools, activities and other resources to advance community-based seabird conservation, (2) create a database of global community-based seabird conservation programs, (3) identify barriers to effective community-based programs and tools to overcome them, (4) discuss best practices on engaging communities in conservation, and (5) create a toolbox of assessment tools to evaluate outcomes and effectiveness of community-based actions. We envision this workshop building on the 2015 symposium and creating resources that will improve the effectiveness and efficiency of programs focused on enhancing the knowledge and capacity of local communities to address issues relevant to the long-term conservation of seabirds.
Empowering citizen science for seabird monitoring and conservation
Daisy Burnell, Joint Nature Conservation Committee; Matt Wood, University of Gloucestershire; Tom Hart, University of Oxford
To effectively conserve seabird diversity for the future, good data are necessary to provide evidence on potential negative impacts of pressures, but also the positive effects of conservation initiatives. The backing and or engagement of the local communities where conservation strategies are needed or being implemented, is also essential. By encouraging citizens to engage in active monitoring of seabirds and providing them with support, you empower them to take responsibility and ownership of their conservation, while gathering vital data on aspects of seabird ecology. With innovative technologies such as: remote cameras, drones, and data recording apps, coupled with communication tailored to reach wide audiences, the barriers once inhibiting such surveys are minimised. The aim of this workshop will be to provide a capacity building platform to facilitate communication between existing schemes and assist in the generation of new projects.
Expanding indicators of plastic pollution at a global scale
Alexander Bond, Bird Group, The Natural History Museum; Jennifer Lavers, University of Tasmania; Jennifer Provencher, Canadian Wildlife Service, Environment and Climate Canada; WSU Expert Group on Plastic Pollution
Systematic coordinated monitoring of plastic pollution using seabirds has been hampered by challenges in comparing among species areas across large spatial scales. Northern Fulmars have been used effectively as a policy indicator under the OSPAR Agreement in the North Sea. This monitoring includes the evaluation of plastic ingestion in birds across countries in the region, against a policy target – the Ecological Quality Objectives (EcoQOs). Opportunistically, this approach has been applied in other areas where fulmars are found, in order to evaluate relative levels of plastic pollution and influence policy development. Extending a comparable system to other regions is a high priority in order to inform conservation research efforts and plastic pollution policy development. Participants will bring existing knowledge on plastics pollution and seabird species beyond the Northern Fulmar, and work towards identifying a small suite of indicator species for plastic pollution, and policy targets that can be used more widely across the global oceans.
Fostering an integrated approach to enable enhanced seabird conservation – Increasing efficiency and effectiveness through the use of open standards for the practice of conservation
Carina Gjerdrum, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Canadian Wildlife Service; Karel Allard, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Canadian Wildlife Service
Seabirds are among the most threatened bird groups on the planet, but barriers persist that compromise our best efforts to achieve desired conservation outcomes. Projects are often isolated from one another and from broader conservation opportunities, and strategies may not include the effectiveness monitoring needed to demonstrate progress. Participants of this workshop will be introduced to a well-supported and openly accessible, standard framework approach to conservation: the Open Standards for the Practice of Conservation (OS). Developed by the Conservation Measures Partnership in 2004, the OS approach aims to achieve more efficient and effective conservation efforts, and has been adopted by leading organizations and agencies globally. Workshop participants will learn how the adoption of OS can improve consistency in collaborative planning, implementation and monitoring, through adoption of common standard language, metrics and framework. This approach can enhance decision support and effective integration of conservation efforts across species, spatial scales, mandates, and jurisdictions. Participants will work collaboratively using a real-world example of a conceptual model for marine birds with defined conservation targets, ranked threats, and prioritized strategies for conservation actions. This workshop will help conservation teams understand how to apply the OS to overcome barriers to marine bird conservation, and to track the effectiveness of conservation strategies that are implemented.
Night-time collisions with lighted vessels and structures at sea, and development of hazard reduction methods to reduce collisions
Jeannette Zamon, NOAA Fisheries; Jeff Shenot, NOAA Fisheries
Individuals in various maritime industries (e.g. ocean energy, research, fishing, eco-tourism, shipping) have been aware of seabirds attracted to lighting and colliding with structures or vessels for quite some time. However, the degree of negative impact to seabirds and the circumstances under which this happens at sea are not well understood. Any collision-reduction strategies must take into account navigational, safety, and work requirements for lighting. The purpose of this workshop would be to bring together interested parties (including voluntary non-scientific industry partners) to explore this issue further and generate a list of prioritized recommendations for future evaluation this resource conservation issue.
Open-source spatial conservation of seabirds: An introduction of using open-data, open-source GIS software and basic spatial analysis tools
Cecilia Villanueva, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS), University of Tasmania; Alejandro Gatto, Centro para el Estudio de los Sistemas Marios (CESIMAR), CONICET
The main objective of this workshop is to train and motivate participants in the use of spatial basic tools to take advantage of the increasing information available through open-access biological/environmental datasets (such those grouped on the Seabird Information Network framed in the World Seabird Union) and open source software. We expect to provide an updated state-of-the-art of available seabird datasets and the importance of sharing scientific and promoting citizen based seabird information. Our aim is training participants in basic Geographical Information System (GIS) tools using open source software (QGIS), focused in how to apply them for seabird conservation mainly by means of the utilization of open spatial data and habitat suitability models outputs. The approach in these analyses could easily be utilized in developing research and conservation projects on seabirds (e.g. design Marine Protected Areas (MPAs), management of natural resources, habitat ecology of seabirds) and quality maps for publication. Throughout the workshop, participants will learn the required basic, theorical and practical spatial tools and concepts that will be illustrated in the developing of a step-by-step walkthrough of a seabird conservation case study.
Seabird and ardeid anatomy: A standardized approach to necropsy and data collection
Lynn Miller, NZ Bird Rescue; Mark Pokras, Tufts University
By exploring a standardized approach to necropsies, data can be gathered that aid all established and upcoming researchers when exploring the anatomy and morphology of seabird species. The practical portion will cover a demonstration of the necropsy process, highlighting landmarks and data collection techniques for seabirds. Cadavers will be available for attendees to practice on, while working alongside and comparing species differences other attendees. Ultimately, the goal to develop a data bank will be the final discussion. The data bank can house all necropsy reports, including photos and graphics, and provide a rich source of practical knowledge, historical and potential points indicating evolving shifts in anatomy and structure to the seabird research community.
Seabird social attraction and translocation database workshop
Dena Spatz; Pacific Rim Conservation; Nick Holmes, The Nature Conservancy; Holly Jones, Northern Illinois University; Don Lyons National Audobon Society
The value of future seabird restoration efforts can be enhanced by an improved understanding of past outcomes. Government agencies, non-government organizations, funders, and other conservation practitioners responsible for the recovery of seabird species are dependent on seabird restoration techniques to recover species and populations where passive restoration is not deemed adequate. The cost-effectiveness and general knowledge about active seabird restoration, such as social attraction or translocation, has increased dramatically in the past two decades, thus an opportunity exists to build on a previous review of seabird restoration by Jones and Kress (2012) and improve global knowledge of restoration techniques, dissemination of methods and outcomes of previous projects, and connectivity between seabird practitioners to plan, implement, and monitor projects. In partnership with seabird restoration practitioners and experts, Pacific Rim Conservation and partners will be nearing the end of a two-year global review of seabird restoration projects and techniques on islands worldwide that will result in a publicly available database and will provide an important baseline from which other more applied questions can be tackled, such as priorities for seabird reintroductions, metrics for evaluating success and lessons learned from the field. The purpose of this workshop is to 1) create a networking opportunity for practitioners working on active seabird restoration projects, where they can share lessons learned from the field and discuss technical data gaps impeding success, and 2) introduce the concept of the database to the worldwide seabird community and to solicit feedback on desired end uses of the database, existing data gaps and errors in the database, and appropriate metrics for evaluating seabird restoration outcomes.
Strengthening and harmonizing seabird researcher’s network for better coordination on seabird conservation in the East Asian-Australasian Flyway region
Yat-tung Yu, Hong Kong Bird Watching Society; Robb Kaler, US Fish & Wildlife Service
The East Asian-Australasian Flyway (EAAF) is a region covering Russia and Alaska in the north, extending through East Asia, to Australia and New Zealand in the south. This region has recorded over 150 seabird species. Some species are abundanct but several are highly threatened, such as Chinese Crested Tern (Critically Endangered), Christmas Island Frigatebird (Critically Endangered) and Short-tailed Albatross (Vulnerable). The EAAFP Seabird Working Group (EAAFP SWG) was firstly established in 2007 to assist in the coordination of conservation activities through promoting, facilitating and harmonizing seabird conservation, education and research activities in the flyway.
The 3rd World Seabird Conference will be held in EAAF region for the first time and we believe many seabird researchers from the flyway will attend this conference. This will be valuable opportunity to promote the EAAFP SWG to seabird scientists in this region and other interested stakeholders. Many aspects of seabirds and their life history in the region are largely unknown and conservation activities to safeguard those highly threatened species are yet to be fully understood and implemented. In this workshop, seabird scientists and EAAFP SWG can discuss how to better share experiences and information, discuss how to promote and streamline seabird research in the region and encourage greater international collaborations of seabird projects.
Technological advances in image recognition and automation for improved and repeatable data collection and analysis
Grant Humphries, HiDef Aerial Surveying Ltd; Dilek Sahin, Bagazici University; Matthew McKown, Conservation Metrics; Abram Fleishman, Conservation Metrics
Automated technology for data collection is advancing at an unprecedented rate, and seabird ecologists can, and should take advantage of these methods not only to ensure repeatability of their science, but to promote the testing of creative new hypotheses over time. Image recognition algorithms can be complicated, and the programmatic challenges to running them can seem insurmountable. This proposed workshop would give participants the opportunity to try some basic image recognition implementations with either their own data, or with a pre-defined dataset. The workshop would focus on how image recognition techniques can be used for data extraction and processing for conservation purposes.
Thinking big: Marine spatial planning of the South Pacific flyway
Tammy Davies, BirdLife International (UK); Maria Dias, BirdLife International (UK); Esteban Frere, Aves Argentina
Marine spatial planning is an approach to balancing different uses and needs of the marine environment. Tracking data can provide important information to support. Seabird tracking data has proven to be an important input to support and improve decision-making within marine spatial plans globally, including delineation of marine protected areas, and management measures at broader scales (e.g., Regional Fisheries Management Organisations). As many seabirds conduct vast migrations, there is a need to think on a broader scale about marine spatial planning across their entire lifecycle – encompassing breeding and non-breeding areas, and the connecting migration route (known as a flyway). Although migration routes are complex journeys, there are general trends in movement because suitable habitats or currents dictate movement paths, and resultantly there are regions where many seabirds (and other taxa) broadly follow similar routes. Ascribing importance to movement corridors facilitates the identification of critical habitats and connectivity in the ocean, and is an important next step for conserving seabirds for the future.
Use of seabird data in fisheries stock assessments
Tom Good, NOAA Fisheries; Stephanie Zador, NOAA Fisheries; Enriqueta Velarde, Universidad Veracruzana; Bill Sydeman, Farallon Institute
In a remarkably thoughtful but relatively obscure paper, Cairns (1992) posited that including seabird data could strengthen fisheries stock assessment models by calibrating estimates of stock size and providing indices of recruitment and natural mortality. To date, however, very few stock assessments have quantitatively used seabird-derived data (e.g. Field et al. 2007). Given the sophistication of stock assessment models now in use (e.g., Methot and Wetzel 2013), the development of ecosystem-based fisheries management approaches, and the longevity of many seabird datasets, we believe opportunities exist to expand the use of seabird data for tactical fisheries management. This workshop will address the potential use of seabird data (“on-ramps”) in fisheries harvest-setting processes, focusing on information obtained during studies of seabird food habits. Many seabirds provide their chicks with fish species or age-classes that are important to fisheries managers. Food habits data, such as percent diet composition, may be used as recruitment indices, and morphometric information, such as prey length or mass, may be used to understand cohort strength and natural mortality. Regional examples are sought for fisheries from demersal to small pelagic fish. The goals of the workshop are to: summarize current and past use of seabird data in stock assessments; identify “on-ramps” for seabird data to inform tactical fisheries management; and strategize ways to further incorporate seabird data in global ecosystem-based fisheries management efforts.
When acoustics, tracking and data analysis come together
Mona Doss, Wildlife Acoustics; Catalina Amaya-Perilla, Lotek
Part 1: Using Bioacoustics: What can Sound Reveal?
This workshop will discuss how to use sound measurements for environmental management projects such as time of arrival/departure of migratory species, population census, and biological diversity. This will be a hands-on workshop, covering the principals of sound, the equipment needed for acoustic research and monitoring of seabirds, and software tools/approaches for data analysis. Attendees will leave with a good understanding of:
- The basics of sound
- How to properly set up an acoustic recorder
- How to view recordings on a spectrogram
- How to use acoustic clustering to survey for species presence.
- How to build and tune acoustic classifiers.
- Advice from the Field: Kaua’i Endangered Seabird Recovery Project
- Population census and seasonal change analysis from Conservation Metrics
Part 2: Using tracking devices to understand seabird species behaviour
This workshop will discuss up to date technologies being used by seabird researchers in different countries and for different purposes. We will discuss the best technologies to understand home range, foraging behaviour and migration. Attendees will leave with good understanding of:
- The technologies that are out there for seabird tracking
- What is the best technology for their study objectives
- Attachment methods vs animal welfare
- Compromising with weight, technology, size
- Case studies of the different technologies
- How to schedule your tags
- Tests before deployment
How to get the data